Power and Politics Within Organization

It's more difficult to speak on the topic of power than it is to speak on money. We all believe in universal presence of power and its strength in determining all situations. While establishing any organization powers are assigned on relatively different perspectives. Mangers need a power to achieve his goals by using available resources. The process of influencing the behaviors of employees on the basis of managers' wishes shows their dependency on authority. Formal power is based on information and rules which all employees has to follow. Reward power is based on achievements and it is distributed mainly with values.

Power is primarily received from the positions of individuals in formal hierarchy of organizations. Such legitimate power is applied to control and to rightly use the resources of organizations. Similarly referral power is attained by individuals on the basis of desirable resources or personal traits. Individual's interpersonal style and personality execute charismatic power. Mangers use power tactics as a reaction to undesirable actions and to influence subordinates and supervisors. Tactics used by managers to influence supervisors comprised of reasoning, coalitions, friendliness, bargaining, assertiveness and high authority tactics. Similarly in order to influence subordinates, managers demonstrate tactics to bring out reasoning firstly than assertiveness, friendliness, coalition, bargaining, and high authority tactics. Sanctions are applied at the last stage of this process. Power in the group of professionals can be formally bound together and actively involved to get a common goal. Because of mismanagement and unequal powers in the workplace, illegitimate behaviors can be practiced like sexual harassment.

Studies are showing that, USA stands at the top in workplace sexual harassment incidence figures. Political behavior is not the formal role of requirements in organizations; but it is vital in bringing advantages and disadvantages distributions. Legitimate political behavior is accepted at some extent where as illegitimate political behavior is not welcomed in any good organization. Individual and organizational factors collectively determine the political behavior. Favorable outcomes can either be rewarded or averted with punishment. Beside that, reactive and protective behaviors can be used to defend blames or any change. Reactive behaviors showing individual impressions can even be managed accordingly.

Organizational politics also demand some ethics to follow while acting. Employees' rights need to be assured before demonstrating any political initiative. Diversified group as a whole react abruptly to defend any political behavior. On the other hand each employee from different back ground reacts differently. Individual factors his job rules and responsibilities and organizational cultures; all impacts directly or indirectly in determining our political behaviors. Companies do need policies and security from the top management to tackle unacceptable outcomes from any political scenario. Similarly commitment from top management is required to clearly determine and verify the application of political behaviors in organizational management system.


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